TOP

Sample Essay: Mark Zuckerberg Working on Free Internet

richest person on earthAccording to the information provided by the famous Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, the mobile web is about to face the exciting future. At Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Zuckerberg was excited to announce that Facebook is getting ready to set up partnership with 3-5 significant wireless carriers to provide essential and absolutely free phone access to every individual all over the globe – with the direct emphasis on the developing nations.

At the present moment, only about one billion people around the world have mobile phones. At the same time, up to 80% of the rest of earth’s population lives within the places that have either 2G or 3G mobile web access, the Facebook CEO informs.

The problem lies in the fact that those individuals, who haven’t accessed the internet at all, haven’t the slightest idea of how useful it may actually be! Besides, they can’t afford the thousands of American dollars that it costs in the country (and the Europe as well!) to maintain a telephone together with the most suitable data plan. However, they have got two or three bucks needed to pay for the Facebook and messages basic access.

With an assortment of wireless carriers, Facebook is planning to invest in the basic phone access for every human being. The plans are an essential part of Mark’s clear vision for Internet.org, a straight initiative to provide a direct internet access to all people on the earth. The main aim is to provide every person with the basic data services, such as Facebook, weather information access, as well as search – everything free of charge!

In the countries, such as Paraguay or Philippines, Facebook has already successfully assured a partnership with the mobile carriers to make Facebook completely free for every person with the telephone in a pocket. The next step of the grandiose campaign is to expand the Facebook open access to the free basic web services access. The whole idea is about letting everyone know how the internet can quickly help change one’s life!

As for the first free connectivity that will be provided in a little while will be the text data that is quite cheap to deliver. And when users will finally get an idea of the video and streaming usefulness, the carriers will be there to provide quick one-click plans.

To make the long story short, the long-term aim of the campaign is to connect people from all over the globe. And even through the brilliant minds that stand behind the initiative will be losing money for a while at the start, the reason why Zuckerberg started Facebook was exactly the same.

References:

  1. George Beahm. The Boy Billionaire: Mark Zuckerberg In His Own Words (In Their Own Words)Dec 11, 2012.
  2. Noam, E. (2001). The next frontier for openness: Wireless communications. Draft paper presented at 2001. Telecommunications Policy Research Conference. Alexandria, VA, October.
  3. Mark Zuckerberg and David Duncan. Mark Zuckerberg: Online PersonasApr 24, 2015.
  4. Cyrus Peikari and Seth Fogie. Maximum Wireless Security, by. SAMS. (December 18, 2002).
  5. Carros, D. (2001). Mobile carriers: No single standard in sight. Tech Update ZDNet, November 28.
  6. KATZ M.L. & C. SHAPIRO (1985): Network externalities, competition and compatibility, in American Economic Review, 75: 424–440.
  7. David Alven, Resmi Arjunanpillai, Reza Farhang, Sachin Kansal, Nauman Khan, and Ulrika Leufven, “Hotspots – Connect the dots for a wireless future: Final Report for Ericsson Business Innovation and Telia Research”.
Read More
TOP

Sample Essay on Karl Marx Economic Teachings

karl marx house museumKarl Marx and his famous co-author Friedrich Engels are mostly known for their quite provocative Communist Manifesto that they begin with a famous statement that the “whole history is based exceptionally on the class struggle.” The two philosophers argue that the range of changes that occur in various political institutions, in the society levels, as well as in history itself, are typically driven by the collective struggle on the part of individuals, who live in the same economic environment in order to realize both economic and material interests. Starting from the ancient Rome and till the present day, these struggles have been an essential part of live, the authors insist. The following aspects are an integral part of Marx teachings; however, there are far more important features of Marxism, if you dig deeper into the philosophy.

In Marx works, history is represented as the history of class struggles among all the society classes. The new progressive classes tend to appear here and there and are related to new production forms. They always start struggling with the old ones. Once the new classes successfully win the desired power, the new society forms appear suitable to the new forms of production. That’s the historical materialism doctrine.

According to the philosopher, the stages of human history take in the so-called primitive communism that typically includes equalitarian principles of gathering and hunting; the barbarism era, when the chiefs are ruling the world; the slave society when the slave class exist and feudalism, agriculture, communism, socialism and capitalism.

According to Karl Marx teachings, when it comes to capitalism, the capitalists are the owners of the production means, while the proletariat are the owners of their own work capacity. Landlords in turn make sure to rule the land, while the workers are more significant than the peasants. The latter happen to be trapped in the world called “the rural life idiocy”. The proletariat group is definitely comprised of those, who are engaged in the objects hand-made production. However, Marxists tend to dither about whether this group includes individuals, who are employees, but live by their wages and work only with their minds.

As stated by Marx, the only way new classes can go to win its power is by revolution. The revolution is a quite violent method since the ruling class usually never gives up power without a bloody struggle. Here’s what Karl Marx says about the revolution: it is impossible for the socialism to come into existence without the revolutionary events. In order to make sure the socialism will be finally born, the old order should die. In accordance with Marx, this process requires the complete overthrow of the ruling power that exists at the moment. That’s what the philosopher defines as the revolution.

References:

  1. Marx, K., Engels, F., (1975–) Gesamtausgabe (MEGA), Berlin: Dietz.
  2. J. S. Mill, On the Principles of Political Economy, London, 1848, Vol. II, pp. 17-30.
  3. Cohen, G.A., (1978) Karl Marx’s Theory of History: a Defence, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  4. Marx, K. and Engels, F. The Holy Family, or Critique of Critical Criticism. Against Bruno Bauer and Company (this volume).
  5. G. D. H. Cole, History of Socialist Thought, Volume I, The For€runners 1789-1850 (New York, 1953).
  6. Loyd D. Easton and Kurt H. Guddat. Writings of the Young Marx on Philosophy and Society, trans. and ed.
  7. Karl Marx, The Poverty of Philosophy: A Reply to M. Proudhon’s Philosophy of Poverty, New York, International Publishers, n.d., pages 94-5.
Read More
TOP

How to Write an Introduction for Assignment

Nobody will argue that most types of university assignments have to include an introduction part. As a result, the question how to write an introduction for assignment arises regularly on a weekly basis. One should pay special attention to this part of the paper due to its dual task of introducing the topic of the assignment and making the reader engaged in it. In fact, the knowledge of how to write an introduction for assignment involves the purpose of introductions, its structure rules, and the guideline in a thesis statement development.

books

The Purpose

To begin with, one may distinguish three main objectives for a university assignment introduction. First and foremost, an introduction has to present the context of the issue. The latter will assist the reader in observing all the relevant information to the topic and demonstrate how deeply the writer understood the purpose of the assignment. Secondly, an introduction also aims at giving a direct response to the assignment question in a thesis statement. It comprises the main part of an introduction, as it illustrates the viewpoint that the writer will support throughout the rest of the paper. Finally, the third objective includes the observation of the structure and organization of the work. Reviewing the structure, it is unnecessary to provide a hefty amount of the details but just its key points.
(more…)

Read More
TOP

Sample Essay on Karl Marx Economic Teachings

Karl MarxKarl Marx and his famous co-author Friedrich Engels are mostly known for their quite provocative Communist Manifesto that they begin with a famous statement that the “whole history is based exceptionally on the class struggle.” The two philosophers argue that the range of changes that occur in various political institutions, in the society levels, as well as in history itself, are typically driven by the collective struggle on the part of individuals, who live in the same economic environment in order to realize both economic and material interests. Starting from the ancient Rome and till the present day, these struggles have been an essential part of live, the authors insist. The following aspects are an integral part of Marx teachings; however, there are far more important features of Marxism, if you dig deeper into the philosophy.

In Marx works, history is represented as the history of class struggles among all the society classes. The new progressive classes tend to appear here and there and are related to new production forms. They always start struggling with the old ones. Once the new classes successfully win the desired power, the new society forms appear suitable to the new forms of production. That’s the historical materialism doctrine.
According to the philosopher, the stages of human history take in the so-called primitive communism that typically includes equalitarian principles of gathering and hunting; the barbarism era, when the chiefs are ruling the world; the slave society when the slave class exist and feudalism, agriculture, communism, socialism and capitalism. (more…)

Read More
TOP

Sample Essay: Mark Zuckerberg Working on Free Internet

Mark ZuckerbergAccording to the information provided by the famous Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, the mobile web is about to face the exciting future. At Mobile World Congress in Barcelona, Zuckerberg was excited to announce that Facebook is getting ready to set up partnership with 3-5 significant wireless carriers to provide essential and absolutely free phone access to every individual all over the globe – with the direct emphasis on the developing nations.

At the present moment, only about one billion people around the world have mobile phones. At the same time, up to 80% of the rest of earth’s population lives within the places that have either 2G or 3G mobile web access, the Facebook CEO informs.
(more…)

Read More
TOP

How to Write an Essay in English

Writing essays is an integral part of the education process in various learning institutions. It is a valuable exercise for advancing one’s writing skills and creative thinking. However, it may also become a challenge, in case the writer is not a native English speaker. Therefore, it is crucial to be aware of several basic universal techniques that cover how to write an essay in English. At first sight, such type of work may seem to demand extraordinary experience. Nonetheless, it will promote the way to state one’s opinion on the particular subject. Moreover, knowing how to write an essay in English will certainly contribute a lot to the practical usage of grammar, punctuation, and spelling .

free writing

There are various topics to be covered when it comes to the essay, therefore, one has either to be an expert in that particular field or, at least, know about the fundamental points to write about in their texts. For that reason, it is preferable to search for an appropriate informational background and make one’s statement clear and thought-through.
(more…)

Read More
TOP

How to on Write Economic Theory: Proficient Guide

notebook and penWhen assigned with the task to complete a theory paper, college student must be ready to provide answer for the most basic question – why should I actually care? The key contribution of the economic theory lies in any of the following criteria: the paper must answer the question; the paper should posit a new model (the lens we see the world though); the model is used to speak to an important application; the model should identify a hooking economic force; the economic model should develop a range of brand-new empirical predictions; the project should make a technical contribution. These are but a few aspects you have to consider that we capture in our economics guide.

The Introduction

A typical introduction starts with the broad motivation that covers up to two paragraphs. Why do you think this area may be interesting? Your project can be motivated either by the application or via the literature. Provide 1-2 paragraphs to describe the contribution. Start with “the contribution of the project lies in…” to let the readers know your model. If you want them to understand your results, ensure to explain the setup, as well as your results. The main aim here is to provide a clear overview of your key insights. Tell your readers what you’re actually doing, the driving forces that brought up your results, as well as some important implications.

The Model Section

This is the core of the theory paper. Exactly this part is used to distill the way you’d like your readers to think about the particular economic problem. The theorems appears to be the most hooking and crucial insights that you’ve derived in the project. It is important to make sure the model simplifies the way people think about the problem. Do you have up to ten theorems? If yes, choose three of them that you’d like your readers to be aware of.

Taking into account the fact that most of the economic theory now is based exclusively on the game theory, the most traditional way to present the so-called game-theoretic model is through stating as succinctly as one can: Who are all the players? Are they capable of doing something? If yes, then what? What do the players know? What are the most important their preferences?

The Analysis

Working on this section is not as easy as it may seem. You must provide a crystal clear analysis while making sure your target readers can’t take their eyes off of your analysis. In other words, your task is to ask what your readers would like to learn from your work, and then present the material in the most precise way. Just like it goes with any other argument, your task is to first inform your readers on where you’re going, and explain why every other step is both interesting and crucial.

The Results

When presenting the results, it’s recommended to go through each of the steps described below.

Above the Result. Before providing your statement, ensure to provide all relevant definitions, remind your target audience if what they should be aware of and name the results in words.

Provide the Theorem. Ensure your readers won’t be required to go searching for more definitions once the theory statements are provided. Exert every effort to tip the presentation balance towards exceptional clarity; in your project, the result must be completely rigorous.

State Your Proof. If it happens to be boring and traditional, make sure to include it in the Appendix. In case it’s pretty interesting, then put it in the main text. If the key for your project lies in the analysis, it is recommended to include an empirical version before the theorem statement (in the main text).

Explain the Intuition. Make sure to state every result in a clear and simple English unless you know it should be technical and obvious. It is crucial to give a good explanation.

Talk about Empirical Implications. In case the result will be used a bit later in the project, or it has a range of empirical implication, ensure to inform your readers about that.

The tips offered in our economics guide are quite brief, which makes them easy to follow. At the same time, these professionally written guide is a perfect addition on your young economist’s career path.

Read More
TOP

How to Build an Economic Model: Advanced Learner Guide

exam stressMany of college works in economics require building theoretical models needed to practice this discipline. There are some useful ways regarding how to build economic model that ease the process that in reality is quite chaotic.

Gather Good Ideas

That’s the point to start with. Make sure to search for your ideas outside the college books, papers and journals! Instead, pitch them in magazines, radio and TV programs, in conversations and newspapers. When you’re looking through the papers, pick the articles about economics. When it comes to the magazines, they always go deeper into various economic issues. Conversations are in turn always fruitful, in particular with the individuals engaged in business.

Before you start working on your idea, make sure to stop asking whether it is interesting for your reader. In case it is not attractive, people won’t care whether it’s appropriate and correct. So, ensure to try it out on your pals or parents. Find out whether they think it’s worth researching.

Get to the Modelling

The good news is that all economics models are the same. The so-called economic agents are required to make choices to advance their objectives. These decisions are needed to satisfy different constraints so there is something that can easily adjust to make the choices consistent. The standard structure involves the plan of attack: Who are the individuals who are about the make the choices? What kind of constraints may they face? In what way are they interacting? These simple questions will help you to identify the model segments accurately. When you have got an idea of how these sections should look like, it’s time to proceed to the next stage.

Explore the Literature

Now it’s time to conduct your thesis research. Besides, this is the point where you can actually learn something. Just make sure to carefully read the articles and see whether someone else started with the same ideas. This will help you to find out what you missed. The next scenario is that you’re possibly wrong. Maybe your idea is out of date. Maybe your analysis isn’t particularly correct. Contact your advisor to detect any misdirection in your investigation and start getting an independent judgment of your model.

Planning the Economic Model

Every student writes on a PC nowadays. That’s awesome since computers are real savers! For instance, you can create a special file called ‘Papers’ and then jot down the initial sketchy ideas that you have. In the following says you will take an occasional look at the outline. You will be able to move the segments around, add some details, etc. Once the ideas are properly organized, you’re ready to work on your first draft. Economic papers are like fine cheese. They need time to age and get enhanced. Put it aside for a week or two. This pause will provide your subconscious mind with a chance to take a different look at the idea and come up with something you’ve missed.

Hope these instruction on how to build economic model help. Once you have made the point, make sure to stop. A lot of projects tend to drag on for too long. Your readers won’t remember all the unnecessary content unless your name is John Ronald Reuel Tolkien.

Read More
TOP

How to Build an Economic Model: Advanced Learner Guide

 exam stressMany of college works in economics require building theoretical models needed to practice this discipline. There are some useful ways regarding how to build economic model that ease the process that in reality is quite chaotic.

Gather Good Ideas

That’s the point to start with. Make sure to search for your ideas outside the college books, papers and journals! Instead, pitch them in magazines, radio and TV programs, in conversations and newspapers. When you’re looking through the papers, pick the articles about economics. When it comes to the magazines, they always go deeper into various economic issues. Conversations are in turn always fruitful, in particular with the individuals engaged in business.
Before you start working on your idea, make sure to stop asking whether it is interesting for your reader. In case it is not attractive, people won’t care whether it’s appropriate and correct. So, ensure to try it out on your pals or parents. Find out whether they think it’s worth researching.
(more…)

Read More
TOP

How to Write Certificate for School Project

A certificate for a school project is a document written for the purpose of confirming that a student has successfully completed a certain academic work, which was checked and graded by a teacher. As well as any other kind of documents, it has to meet a set of specific requirements so an educator should be well aware of how to write certificate for school project. Furthermore, this writing is important in case a project is to be used as a part of an application for a grant; therefore, teachers should know how to write certificate for school project in order to help their students to achieve a success.

 hands on mac keyboard

The Overview of a Certificate for School Project

As a rule, a certificate of a school project is a short and laconic document, which consists of only one or two paragraphs. In addition, it can include an image of a school symbol; for example, a logo or emblem. Moreover, the document should be confirmed with a help of a stamp or a signature. (more…)

Read More