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The Smart Way to Pay for Online Writing Services

e-commerceAs college courses become ever more rigorous, the demand for online essay writing services has exploded. In response to that demand, hundreds of these services have appeared on the Internet.

But are all these services reliable? How can you tell? How can you avoid getting scammed when contracting and paying for them?

Here are some guidelines to paying safely for online writing services.

Do NOT Give the Writer Any Money Until the Job Is Done

A true professional will understand that it’s ethical to complete the job before getting paid. Be wary of writers who rush you into paying before they have finished the work. They may throw your paper together sloppily without a regard for the requirements of your assignment, leaving you with the work of revising and improving it at the last minute or hand in a paper of poor quality. Even worse, they might disappear with your money without doing the job at all.

Use a Reliable Payment Method

Security breaches of personal data have become all too common as more people do more of their shopping online. Some banks allow you to create a disposable credit card number every time you make a purchase. An online checkout service, such as PayPal or Google Checkout, is also a safe option. These services allow you to make online purchases without sharing your information with merchants. Always choose a credit card over a debit card for online purchases; they usually have a set amount of fraud protection and are not tied directly to your bank account. Whatever you do, don’t wire money using MoneyGram or the Western Union, as there is no way that you can ever get this money back.

Do Some Research

Do an online search on any writer before hiring him or her. Look for reviews that show that the writer is trustworthy and professional. Get an idea of the kind of writing this writer has done already. Is he familiar with the subject? Are they knowledgeable? Pay attention to spelling and grammar in their work and their communications with you.

If It’s Too Good to Be True, I Probably Is

Does this writer make outrageous claims about their expertise and/or turnaround time? Be suspicious. Be wary also of writers that offer their services at the cheapest rates. If writing your paper will cost you less than a cup of coffee, it’s probably a scam. Remember that you get what you pay for.

Never fear; some wonderfully professional, reliable writers are always out there. So take your time to choose just the right one.

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Sample Essay on Money Saving: Which Supplements Make Students Too Short of Funds?

best bars in floripaCollege is a period of a student’s life when they have to become an adult and get ready for being independent. Thus, if you have to write an essay about students, this sample will come in handy for sure.

College is a challenging time for many reasons. Young people are just learning how to live on their own without parents telling them to do their homework or what time they have to go to bed. They are navigating classes that are far more rigorous than their high school course load was. And last but not least, they often have financial problems.

That’s not surprising, considering that college students have significant expenses and little to no income. To make things worse, they often lack the wisdom and experience to differentiate between a “want” and a “need.”

One way in which students are often unwise in their spending habits is by using the wrong credit card. Credit cards can be an excellent financial decision for college students. They help build credit and purchase items online safely. But using them carelessly can result in the accrued debt and interest. It’s important for students to read the terms and conditions of credit card offers carefully before applying to make sure that it fits their needs. There are even some credit cards that offer cash back rewards for making purchases.

Another wasteful habit is eating out or getting takeout too frequently. Students that are already paying for a meal plan at their university often choose the expense of restaurants and takeout in addition to the money that they already pay for food. While the price of eating at the local pizzeria may not seem like much, over time it adds up. The best way for college students to save money on food is to learn how to cook a few easy and inexpensive meals with food purchased from the grocery store.

Still, more money goes down the drain when students neglect to take advantage of student discounts. Such discounts are available on almost everything, from retail stores to museums to visit. It is definitely worthwhile for students to shop around before making a purchase in order to find out which merchants will give a student discount. But many students don’t bother to ask about such discounts and spend a good portion of their money unnecessarily.

Lastly, students often overspend on housing. With the cost of rent and room and board rising every year, it’s easy for them to fall into the trap of paying for living quarters that are too expensive. When choosing a place to live, students would do well to balance their wants and needs. A great cost-saving option is to share living space and rental costs with roommates. Besides saving money, students can also create many wonderful memories.

College is a stressful and expensive season of life. But, with some care and foresight, students don’t have to fall into wasteful spending habits.

References:

  1. MyBankTracker. (2014). 10 Ways College Students Waste Money. Huffpost: the Blog, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mybanktracker/10-ways-college-students_b_5042504.html
  2. Kuchar, Kristen. (2016). 8 Common Ways College Students Waste Money. Brad’s Deals: More for Less, https://www.bradsdeals.com/blog/things-college-students-waste-money.
  3. Hoyt, Elizabeth. (2017). Money Saving Advice for College Students. Fastweb, https://www.fastweb.com/financial-aid/articles/money-saving-advice-for-college-students.
  4. Vohwinkle, Jeremy. (2016). Money Mistakes College Students Make. The Balance: Financial Planning, https://www.thebalance.com/top-money-mistakes-college-students-make-1289967.
  5. Why a College Budget Is So Important. (2015). Lendkey Technologies, https://www.lendkey.com/blog/why-a-college-budget-is-so-important/.
  6. 10 Ways Students Waste Money in College. (2016). eCampusTours, http://www.ecampustours.com/for-students/campus-life/college-budgets-101/10-ways-students-waste-money-in-college.aspx#.WdNDiWhSzIU.
  7. 10 Ways Students Waste Money in College. Allwomenstalk: Money, http://money.allwomenstalk.com/ways-students-waste-money-in-college.
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Sample Essay on the Back to School Shopping: Do NOT Let It Hit You in the Pocket

foreign piggy bankAlong with autumn, when it is time to go back to colleges and universities, students face one more issue – expenses. They have to spend a lot of money on educational goods. If you want to cover this particular problem in your paper, look through this sample to get some ideas of what to talk about.

Besides the winter holiday season, August is the most expensive time of year as parents and students hit the malls for new clothes and school supplies. The average American family spends approximately $600 on back-to-school shopping. For college students, the figure adds up to even more because of the cost of textbooks and dorm room essentials. But there are a few tricks that budget-savvy college students can employ to keep this expense from derailing their finances.

One thing college students can do to reduce costs is to begin their shopping in a place where all the items are free: their own homes. By taking an inventory of household items, notebooks, pens, and pencils, they often find they don’t need to purchase as many items as they thought. They can also benefit from doing a thorough cleanout of their closets and donating clothing that they no longer wear. In the process, they may often find that a good amount of their clothing can still be worn, further reducing the amount they need to budget for new purchases.

Additionally, students should not dismiss the savings available by shopping at thrift stores and garage sales. These places offer gently used items such as rugs, lamps, and clothing at deep discounts. It may take some time and efforts to dig out useful or attractive items in such places, but it’s well worth it. It’s even possible to find some rare treasures to give the wardrobe or dorm décor a unique touch.

Another great place to find bargains on school and dorm supplies is at discount stores like Family Dollar, Big Lots, or Sam’s Club. Students who begin shopping at these stores early in summer and check in frequently can often find great deals, allowing them to save money on necessary items.

Possibly the best method of all for saving money on school supplies is simply to shop around and compare prices. Students can look for different bargains and do the math to see which ones will save them the most money. Apps like Google Shopping and Honey conveniently seek out the best deals on needed items. Some stores will even reduce their price if you find the same item at a cheaper price somewhere else.

The cost of back-to-school shopping may take many college students by surprise. But, it’s possible for students to purchase the items they need without breaking the bank.

References:

  1. Levin, Heather. (2017). 14 Tips to Save Money on Back to School Supplies and Shopping List. Money Crashers, https://www.moneycrashers.com/back-to-school-supplies-list-tips/.
  2. Matzek, Marybeth. (2017).6 Strategies That’ll Help You Save Money on Back-to-School Shopping. The Penny Hoarder: Deals, https://www.thepennyhoarder.com/deals/back-to-school-budget/.
  3. Schwahn, Lauren. (2017). Save More When Back-to-School Shopping Online. USA Today: Money, https://www.usatoday.com/story/money/personalfinance/2017/07/31/save-more-when-back-to-school-shopping-online/505883001/.
  4. Picchi, Aimee. (2017). How to Save Money on Back-to-School Supplies. Consumer Reports, https://www.consumerreports.org/school-supplies/how-to-save-money-on-back-to-school-supplies/.
  5. Ragusa, Gina. (2017). Back-to-school Deals: How to Save Money on Your Last-Minute Shopping – Even If You’re Not a Student. Mic: Payoff, https://mic.com/articles/183782/back-to-school-deals-how-to-save-money-on-your-last-minute-shopping-even-if-youre-not-a-student#.cpzNuCLlg.
  6. Stoffel, Michelle. (2017). 35 Ways to Save Money on Back-to-School Items. Go Banking Rates, https://www.gobankingrates.com/saving-money/save-money-back-school-items/.
  7. Kyle. (2017). 2017 Back-To-School Shopping Guide: 11 Smart and Easy Ways to Save Money. RatherBeShopping.com, https://www.rather-be-shopping.com/blog/2015/07/27/save-on-back-to-school-shopping/.
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Sample Essay on Google: The Way to Success

show the invite and add invited listWhen you want to talk about a successful company, you will hardly find a better option than Google. In this sample, we are going to disclose some interesting information that could inspire you to create a masterpiece on your own.

Google is one of the most used and well-known companies across the globe. Whether you are young or old, you have heard this name. How did they come to be and how did they shoot to stardom almost overnight? Their story is interesting, inspirational, and intriguing.

Stanford University in March of 1996 is where the story begins (Battelle, 2005). Two PhD students, Larry Page and Sergey Brin, needed a research project for Page’s dissertation. They focused on the mathematical properties of the web, essentially exploring how valuable it would be for web pages to know their traffic location (Wikipedia, 2017, History of Google.). The explanation is extremely technical when not broken down into basic terms.

Page used his own home page from Stanford as the initial starting point. To convert the data into usable, measurable information; they created an algorithm named PageRank. They believed that a search most relevant results were ones that included links directly to them from other web pages.

Immediately, Google was popular with web users. They found it simple to navigate and were happy with how relevant their search term results were. The next logical step was an expansion but neither Page nor Brin had millions to invest. Looking for investors, they received their first $100,000 from the co-founder of Sun Microsystems, Andy Bechtolsheim. Roughly one year later, they received $25,000,000 in equity funding. They went public in 2004, realizing a market capitalization of approximately $23,000,000,000!

Acquisitions were next for the tech giant who had an estimated worth of $350,000,000,000 by the end of 2015 (Their Net Work, n.d.). Since 2010, Google acquires one company per week on average. Among the best-known names now under Google are YouTube, Motorola Mobility, Adscape, reCAPTCHA, and Android Inc (Wikipedia, 2017, List of Acquisitions and Mergers). The main way Google earns income is from program advertising revenue – Adwords (Who Founded Google, 2008).

Purchases and mergers are not the only way Google is expanding. They are constantly creating new applications and rolling out newer versions of old favorites; such as Google Maps, Google Sheets, Google+, and many others. They are steadily looking for ways to make improvements to all of their products and services, resulting in an ever-changing technological landscape that can only benefit everyone.

September 15, 1997, was the date google.com registered as a domain. Just less than a year later, Google officially incorporated; working out of a friend’s garage. From their humble garage beginnings, Google just keeps on expanding. Their main corporate office is still located in California, but they have additional offices in more than forty countries (About Us, n.d) and everyone wants to work for them. More than 72,000 people are employed and they have ranked number one on Fortune’s list of best companies to work for in the last six years running (Google, 2017). Google is without a doubt the quintessential rags to riches story. From a garage space to the multi-billion worth, is truly amazing. Proving that determination grows success.

References:

  • About Us. (n.d.). Google. https://www.google.ca/about/
  • Battelle, J. (2005) The Birth of Google. https://www.wired.com/2005/08/battelle.
  • Google. (2017). 2017 Top 100 Companies to Work For. http://fortune.com/best-companies/google/
  • Their Net Worth. (n.d.). Google’s Net Worth. http://www.theirnetworth.com/Businesses/Google/
  • Who Founded Google. (2008). http://wanttoknowit.com/who-founded-google/
  • Wikipedia. (2017) History of Google. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Google
  • Wikipedia. (2017). List of Acquisitions and Mergers. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mergers_and_acquisitions_by_Alphabet
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Sample Essay on How to Gain the Promotion at Work

officeJob promotion is one of the troublesome issues that people face. Why not cover this problem in your assignment? This article will help you make up a good idea for your own college paper.

Most people start at the bottom but it is rarely the end goal. Getting a promotion is the main goal of most people. Not only does it mean a bigger paycheck, it also comes with a higher level of respect and responsibility. You have all the qualifications but how do you make sure the promotion goes to you? Start with planning!

Plan to improve your skills. A new skill set will open doors so consider going to school for an additional degree (W., n.d.). Options for night school classes are astonishing and although it may take you a bit longer than being full-time, the benefits at the end will be more than worth it.

The saying “dress for success” should be taken literally. When an employee dresses well for work, it shows that they take pride in their job and have an exceptional level of professionalism (Maye, 2013). It may be only a little thing but it is often the little things that get noticed.

When the clock starts, it is time to get serious (Adenle, 2009). This does not mean you can’t crack a smile during the day or have fun. It means that you must be able to turn your attention to your tasks. Minor mistakes are often made due to lack of attention. Being laser-focused on the work you must complete will eliminate errors and improve consistency.

Promotions rarely just fall into someone’s lap. To be promoted, the right people need to be aware that you want to be promoted. Although companies usually promote internally, they also look at external resumes (Smith, 2013). Competitors coming for an interview will be at their very best so it is crucial you do the same. Most managers make it their business to ask employees where they see their career path heading. Don’t be afraid to state your goals, even if they didn’t ask you first (Hanson, n.d.). Managers will pay more attention to a promising self-starter than to the quiet, almost invisible employee who keeps to themselves in the corner. Aside from that, you have to give it your best effort.

To get what you want, you must work hard for it (Prolific Living Inc., 2014). Simply doing no more and no less than what is expected is not good enough. Get to work early every day, even if it’s only 5 minutes. Stay ten minutes late at night to finish that important task. Volunteer to take on projects other employees have turned down. Doing this shows perseverance and dedication. Finally, you need to be personable.

Most importantly, have a friendly and positive attitude that shines through to everyone you interact with (Hudson, n.d.). Challenge yourself to do better every single day. If you follow these suggestions and constantly improve on everything you do, your promotion is going to be right around the corner!

References:

  • Adenle, C. (2009). How to Succeed and Gain Promotion at Work. http://catherinescareercorner.com/2009/08/20/how-to-succeed-and-gain-the-promotion-you-want/
  • Hansen, R. (n.d.). Moving Up the Ladder: 10 Strategies for Getting Yourself Promoted. https://www.livecareer.com/quintessential/getting-promoted-strategies
  • Hudson. (n.d.). How to Get Promoted. https://ca.hudson.com/getting-a-promotion
  • Maye, V. J. (2013) 7 Steps to Getting Promoted. http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/careers/sns-jobs-steps-promotion-story.html
  • Prolific Living Inc. (2014). 8 Reasons You Are Not Getting Ahead at Work. (And What to Do About It). http://www.fasttrackpromotion.com/getting-ahead-at-work
  • Smith, J. (2013). 16 Mistakes Employees Make When Trying to Get a Promotion https://www.forbes.com/sites/jacquelynsmith/2013/10/24/16-mistakes-employees-make-when-trying-to-get-a-promotion/#fb4819b35f15
  • W. (n.d.). How to Get a Promotion: 11 Steps with Pictures. http://www.wikihow.com/Get-a-Promotion
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Top 5 Best and Worst Paid Jobs for Women

businessNobody wants to work for free but sometimes women work for next to nothing. Historically, the gender pay gap has averaged about 20% less in earnings for women than for men. It can be challenging to find a job you love and lets you live comfortably. If you are getting ready to enter the workforce, or if you are considering a career change, look at this list of the top five best and worst paid jobs for women!

Top 5 Best Paying

  1. Chief Executives: While more males than women hold these positions, Forbes ranked this as number one on their list for women. Women in the US hold over 300,000 of these titles but men still bring in a paycheck about 22% higher.
  2. Lawyer: The legal profession has been seeing an increase in female bar exam applicants. Lawyers can choose to work be self-employed or freelancing, or, at an established law firm.
  3. Pharmacist: Although men still are the high earners in this profession, women dominate it. Around 60% of all pharmacists are women, earning just under $100,000 per year.
  4. Nurse Practitioners: Almost totally dominated by women, the average yearly paycheck is just over $90,000.
  5. Tech and IT: There are many subsidiaries of this profession, including software development, IT managers, engineers, and many others. Average base salaries are a respectable $50,000+ per year.

Top 5 Worst Paying

  1. Physicians and Surgeons: Women are now widely accepted in this field but men still make much more. On average, women earn 37% less for performing the exact same procedures.
  2. Insurance Agents: All the sales field professions see males leaving females in the dust when it comes to earnings, but women are extremely outclassed in this category. On average, they are only earning roughly 40% of what men do.
  3. Financial Advisors: Women are not well represented in this field, with only about 35% of financial advisors being women. This occupation also had the largest pay gap between men and women, with women bringing home a paycheck around $700 less per week.
  4. Auditors and Accountants: This field is still male dominant and it shows in the gender pay gap. A man receives, at average, $1400 per week, while a woman doing the same job brings home roughly $1000.
  5. Instructors and Teachers: The teaching profession has long been thought of as a job for women. Today’s society has seen that change with more men entering the profession than ever before. Unfortunately, this has not given women a leg up in the pay department. Men still reportedly earn around $1100, while females only have $800 in the end of the week.

Gender bias on the pay scale is slowly changing in some occupations while it is getting worse in others. However, this does not mean you should settle for less. Whichever career you choose, make yourself indispensable and work hard to prove you are worth the same pay as the guy at the desk beside you!

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5 Must-Remember Tips Not to Run out of Money in Retirement

moneyWhile attending school, your main financial concern probably is paying for school or cutting student loans. Not very often students start thinking about retirement savings – a rookie mistake. You can never save for your retirement too soon. Why? The fearful potential running out of money in retirement is scary. Unfortunately, because of health care or nursing home costs, a rapidly dwindling retirement fund is a reality for some people. Here are some helpful tips you can follow as preventative measures!

1. Start Saving up

Cash, even a small amount here and there, adds up! At the beginning of every paycheck, have a certain amount automatically transferred to a savings account. If you saved $100 a month for 50 years, you would have $60,000 (not including any interest offered by your bank) in savings alone! Don’t dip into the account unless it is an absolute emergency.

2. Be Conservative in Spending

The less you spend, the more you can save – plain and simple. Although you don’t have to feel guilty about using excess money for pleasure, try to save a little bit to add to your savings if possible. If you put $20 dollars of your excess spending money in your savings for 50 years, you will have an additional $12,000 on top of your savings!

3. Get a Part-Time Job

Whether you are too busy for full-time work or are already retired, you can take on a part-time job for extra cash to add to the savings. Maybe you can work at your favorite store or earn money off your hobby. If you could make $400 a month part-time, you can save (not including withheld taxes) $4,800 a year!

4. Invest and Monitor Mour Assets

Stocks are a smart way to increase your finances without having to do work. A home is also a valuable asset to have – as long as you keep it market-ready. It is important to monitor your assets at least monthly to ensure they are in good status. You can hire professionals to help you monitor and move forward with any decision making.

5. Postpone Collection Social Security

It may be tempting to start collecting your social security checks when you “come of age”. However, you have the option of holding off which might not be such a bad idea. You can start collecting your social security income when you retire, giving you a chance to prolong the savings you have. Depending on your situation, a part-time job might be enough to hold you over until the time is right.

In the next fifty years, if you follow the proposed plan, holding onto excess money, and contributing a year of part-time work money, you would have approximately $76,000. Now thinking about adding that to a 401k plan, social security checks, and the interest you may get… Start saving for retirement now!

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Sample Essay on Unemployment: What Leads to It and Who Is Guilty?

formOne is always looking for someone to blame for all the misfortunes and failures, especially when it comes to job vacancies. There is a common idea of an American dream, according to which everyone has a job and is satisfied with how he/she lives and what he/she does. But the reality is far from being that perfect: unemployment keeps growing evoking depression and poverty among young and old.

Nevertheless, there’s more than just one reason for unemployment both in this country and around the world:

  • economic recession
  • changing technology
  • welfare payments
  • job dissatisfaction
  • economic inflation
  • racial discrimination
  • employee values

Regardless of the reason, experts agree to the idea that unemployment is a kind of a disease that affects countries regardless of their status. For example, the United States of America that people are hurrying to migrate to takes one of the leading place in the world unemployment statistics. Poor people are trying to make money in different ways. And it is tough to say, whether they manage to succeed even once in a while.

The above-mentioned reasons are called classic. Who is the one to blame? You won’t find a single person, who has triggered the process. But it’s the politics, groundless decisions, and a strong desire to show oneself rather than help that add to the common problem and its further development.

There is a list that differs from the one posted above. It shows why both large corporations and small companies can’t find matching workers even though there are so many people looking for a good job:

  • poor education: both the government and people do not take education seriously enough. Some graduates can’t defend what they have studied for years.
  • lack of skills: when a person is skilful, he/she can adapt to various conditions and environments. Such employee is ready to study even after graduation.
  • poor government plan: this cause is common in many countries. The government fails in minimizing unemployment and doesn’t care for the citizens.
  • poor moral: unfortunately, many people lose their jobs not because of their low competence, but due to moral actions.
  • corruption: it’s everywhere and when politicians use people’s money for their own needs instead of creating manufacturing industries, unemployment keeps growing.

One may say that this is the story about for people: Everybody, Somebody, Anybody, and Nobody. Everybody is to blame, yet nobody admits that. And even when there’s somebody, who is trying to help, does anybody appreciate that? It is a two-way street. And in most cases it is only up to an employed one to decide whether to keep moving or turn back and come to the place where it all has started.

References

  1. Amadeo, K. (2017). Overeducated and Underemployed: Thank You, Recession. The Balance. 17.
  2. Cappelli, P. (2012). Why Good People Can’t Get Jobs: The Skills Gap and What Companies Can Do About It. 23.
  3. Castells-Quintana, D., Royuela, V. (2012). Unemployment and Long-Run Economic Growth: The Role of Income Inequality and Urbanization. 153-173.
  4. Patton, M. (2015). The Five Highest Unemployment Rates in the World. Forbes. Forbes Magazine. 75.
  5. Structural Unemployment Crisis Stalking U.S. Economy. Reuters. October 6, 2009.
  6. Sullivan, A., Sheffrin, S. (2003). Economics: Principles in Action. 330.
  7. Vedder, R., Gallaway, L. (1997). Out of Work: Unemployment and Government in the Twentieth-Century America. 25-26.
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Sample Essay on Taxes: A Little Thing for Rich and a Small Fortune for Needy

tax invoiceTaxes in the USA take many different forms. While working and making money, one has to pay income taxes. While buying things at stores, one has to pay sales taxes. If one owns property, he/she pays property taxes. And so on… It is believed that paying taxes is a civil duty and the requirement of the law. But in real life by giving the earned money to the local, state or federal government, you deprive yourself of chances and possibilities for a better life. And, frankly speaking, not everyone pays.

Not everyone pays federal income taxes, they say. Let’s try to make things clear. When the low income earner has children, there are deductions allowed on the filing. In other words, if you are a low income earner, you may pay less or not pay at all. Today there are around 7.9% of all tax filers, who zero out their taxes:

  • people on disability
  • unemployed people
  • school students, who’ve just started their career

However, the income tax is only one of the taxes. There are many other tax types that come out of checks:

  • social security
  • local and state taxes
  • school taxes
  • real estate taxes
  • gas taxes, etc.

Working poor pay very high rates on every dollar earned. They don’t even get an extra penny from working additional hours. The current text code creates perverse incentives and has perverse effects. One can hardly call it a rational policy and the government is not likely to do a thing about that. Most workers have to bear the burden of employer-paid payroll taxes and the burden of corporate income taxes or at least their part. What about the rich ones?

They pay much more taxes than poor ones, in terms of the percentage of income and absolute terms. However, there is a different side that only a few people know about: the rich ones do not pay all the taxes. Many people agree that rich Americans have to have a moral obligation to pay much higher taxes as a sign of a ‘fair share’. There is an idea that as rich people get much more from the society, they should give more for the public welfare. But will it really help the society increase?

Perhaps there is no point in arguing what is right or wrong. The only clear thing is that the taxes shouldn’t be the same for everyone. They are to differ depending on the income. Only when each society member gives a fair part of the income, he/she can contribute to the development of his/her country. But if this ‘fair share’ becomes a burden that deprives of most necessary things, the society will hardly ever become a model to follow.

References

  1. Donaldson, S. A. (2007). Federal Income Taxation of Individuals: Cases, Problems and Materials. 28-32.
  2. Gruber, J., Saez, E. (2002). The Elasticity of Taxable Income: Evidence and Implications. Journal of Public Economics. 1–32.
  3. Haider, S. J., and David S. L. (2008). The Effect of the Social Security Earnings Test on Male Labor Supply: New Evidence from Survey and Administrative Data. Journal of Human Resources. 43.
  4. Lehmann, E., Marical, F., Rioux, L. (2013). Labor Income Responds Differently to Income-Tax and Payroll-Tax Reforms. Journal of Public Economics. 66–84.
  5. Reynolds, A. (2014). The Increasing Progressivity of U.S. Taxes: And the Shrinking Tax Base. 254.
  6. Saez, E. (2010). Do Taxpayers Bunch at Kink Points?” American Economic Journal: Economic Policy. 180–212.
  7. Stroup, M.D., Hubbard, K. (2013). An Improved Index and Estimation Method for Assessing Tax Progressivity. 22.
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Sample Essay on NAFTA’s Destiny: A New Trump’s Trade Policy

architectureIt all happened in 1994, when an agreement between the USA and Canada was signed to create the biggest free-trade area in the world. 4 years later (in 1998) Mexico has joined the agreement, too. For over 20 years NAFTA has been uniting the economy of the entire continent. However, when President Donald Trump has come into action, the entire project is under a threat. Does it have any future?

For many years D. Trump insisted that this sort of international trade is a kind of contest and our country loses it. As he became the president, he applied his efforts to reverse the way Americans play their trade cards. Trying to change the position of the States on the trade deals is one of the easiest ways. The new mission is to renegotiate NAFTA. But the thing is that the current political situation is already tense between America and Mexico due to the new border wall. And many experts keep asking, ‘What does the president really want?’

One of the biggest current complains about the agreement is that it practically kills employment of Americans. How so? It frees up many companies to splash the prices on goods by shifting the manufacturing task outside the USA. Trump feels a pressing need to tell the NAFTA partners that his country intends to renegotiate the agreement terms and get a much better deal for US workers.

The reality is such that the plans are straightforward only when the press is somewhere around and direct questions are asked. However, the president’s administration doesn’t have exact plans on how things will keep developing. They are still thinking on the demands during NAFTA negotiations. If the USA withdraw from NAFTA, restrict goods and trade with the partners, this will result in great costs to investors, producers, consumers, etc. The negotiating positions of Canada and Mexico have already hardened since the time the US took aim at dairy and softwood lumber supply management.

The most suitable outcome is a modernized treaty split into 2 parts:

  1. a bilateral US-Mexico trade deal
  2. a bilateral US-Canada trade deal

This option will allow the current administration to reverse NAFTA with no need to change the essence of the underlying substance.

NAFTA has always been one of the key points to be changed during the presidential campaign. Trump has called it ‘a bad deal’ more than once. Lately he called it a catastrophic trade deal for the States. But the idea of pulling out of this agreement scares both Democrats and Republicans. The countdown to renegotiations has already started. But the real question is whether they will be more successful for American citizens than the original NAFTA agreement of 1998?

References

  1. NAFTA: Final Text, Summary, Legislative History & Implementation Directory. (1994). 1-3.
  2. Anthony B., Piketty, T., Saez, E. (2011). Top Incomes in the Long Run of History. 3-71.
  3. Blecker, R. A., Esquivel, G. (2013). Trade and the Development Gap. Mexico and the United States: The Politics of Partnership. 83-110.
  4. Bartra, A., Otero, G. (2009). Contesting Neoliberal Globalism and NAFTA in Rural Mexico: From State Corporatism to the Political-Cultural Formation of the Peasantry. 92-113.
  5. Vogel, R. D. (2007). Transient Servitude: The U.S. Guest Worker Program for Exploiting Mexican and Central American Workers. 1–22.
  6. Porter, E. (2016). Nafta May Have Saved Many Autoworkers’ Jobs. The New York Times.
  7. Murray, R. (2016). The NAFTA Myth. 1-2.
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